OF NUMBERS. This Is Appendix 10 From The Companion Bible.
Numbers are used in Scripture,
not merely as in Nature,
with supernatural design,
but with spiritual significance,
which may be summarized as follows¹:—
Denotes unity, and commencement.
The first occurrences of words or utterances
denote their essential significance,
in interpretation. Words that occur only once,
in the originals,
are emphatic and important.
First day, Light.
The first occurrences of all important words
and expressions are noted in the margin.
If two different persons agree
in testimony it is conclusive.
Otherwise two implies opposition,
enmity, and division,
as was the work of the Second day.
Compare the use of the word
"double" applied to
as three lines complete a plane figure.
Hence, three is significant of Divine
perfection and completeness.
The third day completes the
fundamentals of creation-work.
The fourth, fifth,
and sixth days are the counterpart
and repetition of the first,
second, and third,
and correspond respectively. (See
the structure of Genesis 1)
The number, three,
includes resurrection also;
for on the third day the earth
rose up out of the deep,
and fruit rose up out of the earth.
Denotes creative works (3+1),
and always has reference to the material creation,
as pertaining to the earth,
and things "under the sun",
and things terrestrial.
Denotes Divine grace.
It is 4+1.
It is God adding His gifts and
blessing to the works of His hands.
The Hebrew Ha'aretz
(that is to say,
the addition of the numerical
value of the letters together)
is a multiple of four,
(the heavens) is a multiple of five.
The Gematria of
the Greek for Grace,
is also a multiple of five.
It is the leading factor in the
Denotes the human number.
Man was created on the sixth day;
and this first occurrence of the number makes it
(and all multiples of it)
the hall-mark of all connected with man.
He works six days.
The hours of his day are a multiple of six.
Athaliah usurped the throne of Judah six years.
The great men who have stood out in defiance of God
(Goliath and Nebuchadnezzar and Antichrist)
are all emphatically marked by this number.
Denotes spiritual perfection.
It is the number or hall-mark of the Holy Spirit's work.
He is the Author of God's Word,
and seven is stamped on it as the water-mark
is seen in the manufacture of paper.
He is the Author and Giver of life;
¹ The whole subject may be studied in Dr. Bullinger's work on Number in Scripture (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode). See also (Kregel Publications).
and seven is the number which regulates
every period of Incubation and Gestation,
in insects, birds, animals, and man.
a new beginning or commencement.
The eighth is a new first.
Hence the octave in music,
color, days of the week, etc.
It is the number which has to do with the
Who rose on the eighth,
or new "first-day".
This is, therefore,
the Dominical number.
By Gematria (see above),
(Jesus) makes the numbers 888.
It, or its multiple is impressed on all
that has to do with the Lord's Names,
the Lord's People,
the Lord's works.
Denotes Finality of judgment.
It is 3×3,
the product of Divine completeness.
The number nine,
or its factors or multiples,
is seen in all cases when
judgment is the subject.
Denotes Ordinal perfection.
Another new first;
after the ninth digit,
when numeration commences anew.
because it is one short of the number twelve
Denotes Governmental perfection.
It is the number or factor of all
numbers connected with government:
whether by Tribes or Apostles,
or in measurements of time,
or in things which have to do with
government in the heavens and the earth.
The first occurrence fixes this
and the second confirms it
It, and its multiples,
are seen in all numbers,
and in the Gematria
of all names and passages that are
associated with rebellion, etc.
Denotes a combination of spirit
and order (10+7).
It is the seventh prime number
(as 13 is the sixth prime number).
Other numbers follow the laws which govern the smaller numbers, as being their factors, sums, products or multiples: for example 24 is 12×2, a higher form of 12.
25=5². Grace intensified.
27=3³. Divinity intensified.
28=7×4. Spiritual perfection in connection with the earth.
29=3³. Intensifying of Divine judgment.
30=3×10. Divine perfection, applied to order.
40=10×4. Divine order applied to earthly things. Hence, the number of probation.
The four perfect numbers, 3, 7, 10, and 12, have for their product the remarkable number 2,520. It is the Least Common Multiple of the ten digits governing all numeration; and can, therefore, be divided by each of nine digits, without a remainder. It is the number of chronological perfection (7×360).