|THE SYNONYMOUS WORDS FOR "POOR", ETC. Appendix 127 To The Companion Bible.|
1. ptochos = destitute, and in want: always rendered "poor": except Luke 16:20, 22 (beggar); Galatians 4:9 (beggarly); James 2:2 (poor man).
2. penes = poor, as opposed to rich. Occurs only in 2Corinthians 9:9.
3. praus = meek, as distinguished from passionate. Occurs only in Matthew 5:5; 21:5; 1Peter 3:4.
These words are used in the Septuagint Version interchangeably for the same Hebrew word; but the contexts show that they are all used for the same class, namely, the fellahin, or poor of an oppressed country, living quiet lives under tyrannical and oppressive rulers; and suffering deprivation from tax-gatherers and lawless neighbors.