THE TWELVE APOSTLES.

This Is Appendix 141 From The Companion Bible.

  There are four lists of the names of the Twelve Apostles: three in the Gospels and one in the Acts. In each list the order of the names varies, but with this remarkable agreement that they are always given in three groups, the first of each group being the same (Peter, Philip, and James the son of Alphaeus), while the other three, though they vary in order within the group, are never given in a different group.
  They may be presented thus:—
Matthew 10:2-4. Mark 3:16-19. Luke 6:14-16. Acts 1:13, 26.
1   ···   ···   ···   ···   ···    ···   ···   ···   ···         PETER
2     and Andrew;   and James,   and Andrew,   and James,
3           James,   and John;         James   and John,
4     and John;   and Andrew,   and John,   and Andrew,
5   ···   ···   ···   ···   ···    ···   ···   ···   ···         PHILIP
6     and Bartholomew;¹   and Bartholomew,¹   and Bartholomew,¹   and Thomas,
7           Thomas,   and Matthew,         Matthew         Bartholomew,¹
8     and Matthew;   and Thomas,   and Thomas,   and Matthew,
9   ···   ···   ···   ···   ···    ···   ···   ···   ···         JAMES (son of Alphaeus)
10     and Lebbaeus;²   and Thaddaeus,²   and Simon³ (Zelotes),   and Simon³ (Zelotes),
11           Simon³ (Can.),   and Simon³ (Can.),   and Judas² (of James),   and Judas² (of James).
12     and Judas Iscariot.   and Judas Iscariot.   and Judas Iscariot.         [Matthias (v26)].
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  ¹ A patronymic for NATHANAEL (John 1:44-46),  where he is joined with Philip,  and in John 21:2 with Thomas.
  ² JUDAS the brother of James,  to distinguish him from Judas Iscariot.  He was called Lebbaeus or Thaddaeus,  which words have a similar meaning,  the latter being Aramaic.  See Appendix 94. III. 3.
  ³ SIMON,  the Canaanite or Cananean.  Not meaning a Gentile,  but an Aramaic word meaning the same as Zelotes.
  Further detailed particulars may be given as follows:—
 
 1.  Simon (Matthew 10:2. Mark 3:16. Luke 6:14. John 1:42). Peter (Acts 1:13), so surnamed (Matthew 10:2) by Christ (Mark 3:16. Luke 6:14), who also called him Cephas (John 1:42). He was the son of Jona¹ (John 1:42) and a native of Bethsaida¹ (John 1:44).

 2.  Andrew (Matthew 10:2. Mark 3:18. Luke 6:14. Acts 1:13), of Bethsaida¹ (John 1:44), and Peter's brother (Matthew 10:2. Luke 6:14).

 3.  James (Matthew 10:2. Mark 3:17. Luke 6:14. Acts 1:13), the son of Zebedee¹ (Matthew 10:2. Mark 3:17), surnamed by Christ, with John, Boanerges¹ (Mark 3:17).

 4.  John (Matthew 10:2. Mark 3:17. Luke 6:14. Acts 1:13), the brother of James (Matthew 10:2. Mark 3:17) surnamed by Christ, with James, Boanerges¹ (Mark 3:17).

 5.  Philip (Matthew 10:3. Mark 3:18. Luke 6:14. Acts 1:13), of Bethsaida¹ (John 1:44).

 6.  Bartholomew¹ (Matthew 10:3. Mark 3:18. Luke 6:14. Acts 1:13).
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  ¹ These are Aramaic words.  See Appendix 94. III. 3.
 7.  Thomas¹ (Matthew 10:3. Mark 3:18. Luke 6:15. Acts 1:13), called Didymus (John 11:16; 21:2).

 8.  Matthew¹ (Matthew 10:3. Mark 3:18. Luke 6:15. Acts 1:13), the Publican (Matthew 10:3. Luke 5:27); called also Levi (Mark 2:14. Luke 5:27), the son of Alphaeus (Mark 2:14).

 9.  James (Matthew 10:3. Mark 3:18. Luke 6:15. Acts 1:13), the son of Alphaeus¹ (Matthew 10:3. Mark 3:18. Luke 6:15. Acts 1:13).

 10.  Lebbaeus (Matthew 10:3), whose surname (Matthew 10:3) was Thaddaeus¹ (Matthew 10:3. Mark 3:18); called also Judas, brother of James (Luke 6:16. Acts 1:13), and "Judas (not Iscariot)" (John 14:22).

 11.  Simon (Matthew 10:4. Mark 3:18. Luke 6:15. Acts 1:13), the Canaanite (Matthew 10:4. Mark 3:18); called Zelotes (Luke 6:15. Acts 1:13).

 12.  Judas (Matthew 10:4. Mark 3:19. Luke 6:16) Iscariot (Matthew 10:4. Mark 3:19. Luke 6:16), the traitor (Luke 6:16) who betrayed Him (Matthew 10:4. Mark 3:19. John 6:71; 12:4; 13:2), the son of Simon (John 6:71; 12:4; 13:2, 26).

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