THE DECALOGUE.
EXODUS 20:2-17.

This Is Appendix 39 From The Companion Bible.

  The Ten Commandments have been divided in various ways. The table below exhibits the principal differences. The Massoretic divisions agree with the Roman Catholic. The English Reformed division agrees with the Jewish and Talmudical division in including verse 2, but differs in including verse 3 in Commandment I instead of in Commandment II. The Structure proves this to be correct.

  It is interesting to note here, that Christ put His seal upon each one of the ten, in the following passages:—

  I. Matthew 22:37. II. John 4:24. III. Matthew 5:34. IV. Mark 2:27. Luke 13:14-16. V. Matthew 15:4-6; 19:19. Mark 7:10. VI. Matthew 5:21. VII. Matthew 5:28; 19:9, 18. VIII. Matthew 15:19. IX. Matthew 12:34-37. X. Matthew 5:28.

  In Matthew 19:18, the Lord omitted Commandment X in order to convict His questioner, who said, "ALL these have I kept." Upon which the Lord's command in verse 21 convicted him of its breach, as shown by the man's sorrow in verse 22.
Commands. English
(Reformed).
Jewish
(Talmud).
Masssoretic. Greek
(Origen).
Roman and
Lutheran.
I.   v. 2, 3 2 3-6 3 3-6
II.   v. 4-6 3-6 7 4-6 7
III.   v. 7 7 8-11 7 8-11
IV.   v. 8-11 8-11 12 8-11 12
V.   v. 12 12 13 12 13
VI.   v. 13 13 14 13 14
VII.   v. 14 14 15 14 15
VIII.   v. 15 15 16 15 16
IX.   v. 16 16 17- 16 17-
X.   v. 17 17 -17 17 -17
  The difference between the Roman Catholic and Lutheran is this: that the Roman Catholic makes Commandment IX protect the wife, while the Lutheran makes it protect the house.

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