It is an allegation of the
(which dispenses with documentary or Manuscript evidence,
and therefore differs altogether from
that the five books known as the
Pentateuch were not written by,
or during the time of Moses,
but in the time of a king Manasseh,
or even as late as Ezra.
But a definite "book" is spoken of
throughout the Old Testament as being constantly written in,
with directions how it was to be added to and kept up by the
prophets raised up from time to time for that purpose,
The first occurrence is in Exodus
To this, in the margin,
all the others are referred back.
They are given below,
so that the chain may be examined link by link
and its completeness and perfection seen.
Written by Jehovah's command (compare Deuteronomy
Hebrew "the book" (bassepher).
Written by Moses,
and "the book of the covenant sprinkled",
with the people.
Written by Moses "by the commandment of Jehovah".
From the first three months of first year to last quarter
of fortieth year (compare Deuteronomy
The word "declare" = set forth plainly,
and implies writing (the word occurs only in Deuteronomy
and includes from Deuteronomy
includes more than this book of Deuteronomy, and
must refer to what was then written (compare
The book kept "before the priests the Levites",
and to be copied by the king.
This was the standard copy (chapter
31:9, 25, 26);
to be read at the Feast of Tabernacles
in the Sabbatic years (chapter
31:19, 22, 24.
"The song of Moses"
to be written (compare the reason, verses
Ascribed to Jehovah.
"This book of the law"
came into the custody of Joshua (compare
as distinct from the book of Joshua,
not Deuteronomy merely,
but the whole "book of the
law" as thus traced above (compare Psalm
A copy of the law made from "the book"
on the rocks in mount Ebal.
again referred to.
Joshua himself "wrote in the book",
and doubtlessly added Deuteronomy 34.
Samuel continued the writing in "the book".
(So the Hebrew.)
David charges Solomon with regard to this
"written" law of Moses.
Jehoshaphat sent the princes,
Levites, and priests,
and they "taught in Judah,
and had the book of the law of Jehovah with them".
It was given to Joash according to Deuteronomy
Amaziah spared the children of his father's
murderers according to "that which was
written in the book of the law of Moses"
30:2, 5, 18.
Hezekiah's passover kept in second month
as "it was written".
This was written in Numbers
Josiah's passover kept "as it is written
in the book of Moses".
"The law . . .
which He wrote for you",
that is to say,
Jehovah (compare verse
"Hilkiah, the high priest . . .
found the book of the law in the house of the Lord".
"Shaphan read it before the king" (Josiah).
Huldah the prophetess confirms this reference (verses
it is described as "the book of the law of Jehovah
by the hand of Moses".
Jeremiah refers to this event when he speaks,
as in chapter
Isaiah refers to this book as,
in his day,
a "sealed" book (chapter
The Lord Jesus refers to this as opposed to the
"precepts of man" (Matthew
Ezra ascribes the law of Moses. Compare
(Numbers 28, 29);
7:6, 10, 14, 21, 25.
And all is to be done according to it (compare
the laws were extant,
and known as "diverse from all people".
speaks to Jehovah of the "statutes and
judgments He gave by Moses".
The book is read according to its requirements.
The Feast of Tabernacles was
kept according to Leviticus
A solemn covenant was made "to walk in God's law,
which was given by Moses the servant of God".
"They read in the book of Moses"
concerning the law as written in Deuteronomy
Daniel in his prayer (chapter
refers to the curse fulfilled on the nation as
"written in the law of Moses the servant of God".
completes the cycle,
and refers all to Horeb where
the people received the law
(as distinct from Sinai,
where Moses received it),
and to Moses by whom it was given
(not to Ezra or to some
of a later day).