THE TWELVE GATES
OF JERUSALEM

(Nehemiah, Chapters 3 and 12).1

This Is Appendix 59 From The Companion Bible.

  1. The Valley Gate (2:13; 3:13). Compare 2Chronicles 26:9.
  2. The Gate of the Fountain (2:14; 3:15; 12:37), on Ophel at the Gihon spring (that mentioned in 2Kings 25:4. Jeremiah 39:4).
  3. The Sheep Gate (3:1; 12:39). North of the Temple.
  4. The Fish Gate (3:3; 12:39). Compare 2Chronicles 33:14. Zephaniah 1:10.
  5. The Old Gate (3:6; 12:39). Compare 2Chronicles 33:14, and 2Kings 22:14, "college". Called also the "First Gate" (Zechariah 14:10).
  6. The Dung Gate (2:14; 3:14; 12:31). Probably same as Harsith Gate (Jeremiah 19:2); sometimes rendered the Gate of Potsherds, from heres, a potter's vessel. Leading to Hinnom. N.B. Better = Pottery Gate.
  7. The Water Gate (3:25, 26).
  1. The Horse Gate (3:28). Compare 2Kings 11:16. 2Chronicles 23:15. Jeremiah 31:40. South-east of the Temple, and close to the city and house of David.
  2. The East Gate (3:29). East of the Temple, and connected with it.
  3. The Gate of Miphkad (3:31). Probably north-east of Temple. (= The Registry Gate.)
  4. The Gate of Ephraim (8:16; 12:39). Compare 2Chronicles 25:23.
  5. The Prison Gate (12:39), or Gate of the Guard (2Kings 11:6, 19).
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  ¹ In Nehemiah 3. the first sixteen verses refer to Jerusalem, and the latter sixteen verses to Zion (or the city of David), south of Moriah. A study of these, and a comparison with chapter 12, will explain most of the difficulties connected with the topography of the city. See also the Plan of Zion, and Solomon's buildings. Appendix 68.

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