|ISAIAH: THE EVIDENCES FOR ONE AUTHORSHIP. Appendix 79 To The Companion Bible.|
The hypothesis of modern critics is that Isaiah is not the sole author of the prophecy bearing his name, but that he only wrote chapters 1-39 (called by them "the former portion"), and that an unknown author or authors (for there are now alleged to have been three, or more, Isaiahs) are responsible for chapters 40 to the end (called by them "the latter portion").
Thus, they would treat this prophecy much as Isaiah himself is said to have been treated, who, as tradition tells us, was "sawn asunder".
This "latter portion" also modern critics would relegate to a later date: namely, toward the close of the seventy years' exile.
This is a very modern theory; for, the one authorship of this prophecy has been held without question by both Jews and Christians for over 2,000 years.
I. THE USE OF HIS NAME IN THE NEW TESTAMENT.A sufficient and conclusive answer to this matter is afforded by Holy Scripture itself, in the fact that Isaiah is twenty-one times mentioned by name in the New Testament as the author of this prophecy.
Eleven of these passages attribute to him words occurring in the latter portion of the book, and ten of them words occurring in the former portion.
A complete list is appended, divided as follows:—
ISAIAH AS THE
AUTHOR OF THE
(iv) And the prophet is named by seven different speakers or writers in the New Testament: Four times by Christ Himself; three being from the former portion of Isaiah (Matthew 13:14; 15:7. Mark 7:6), and one from the latter (Matthew 12:17).
Twice by Matthew: once from the former portion (Matthew 4:14), and once from the latter portion (Matthew 8:17).
Four times by Luke: all from the latter portion of Isaiah (Luke 3:4; 4:17. Acts 8:28; 8:30).
Three times by John the Evangelist: twice from the former portion (John 12:39, 41), and once from the latter portion (John 12:38).
Twice by John the Baptist: both from the latter portion (Matthew 3:3. John 1:23).
Six times by Paul the Apostle: four from the former portion (Acts 28:25. Romans 9:27, 29; 15:12), and twice from the latter portion (Romans 10:16, 20).
II. THE EMPLOYMENT OF CERTAIN WORDS.A further evidence of the unity of Isaiah is furnished by the Structure of the book: which, as the student of The Companion Bible will readily perceive, does not lend itself in any degree to the arbitrary ending suggested, at chapter 39. A "pillar" of this "theory" is found in the supposed occurrence of certain words in the "former" portion of the prophecy which are not found in the "latter" portion, and vice versa. An examination of a few such words which are cited by modern critics will show the palpable inaccuracy characterizing their assertions. It is asserted that the following are found only in the "latter" portion of Isaiah (chapters 40 to the end):—
|1. Matthew 4:14.||Isaiah 9:1, 2.|
|2. Matthew 13:14.||Isaiah 6:9.|
|3. Matthew 15:7.||Isaiah 29:13.|
|4. Mark 7:6.||Isaiah 29:13.|
|5. John 12:39.||Isaiah 6:9.|
|6. John 12:41.||Isaiah 6:9.|
|7. Acts 28:25.||Isaiah 6:9.|
|8. Romans 9:27.||Isaiah 10:22, 23.|
|9. Romans 9:29.||Isaiah 1:9.|
|10. Romans 15:12.||Isaiah 11:10.|
(ii) THE ELEVEN PASSAGES NAMING ISAIAH AS THE AUTHOR OF THE "LATTER" PORTION.
|1. Matthew 3:3.||Isaiah 40:3.|
|2. Matthew 8:17.||Isaiah 53:4.|
|3. Matthew 12:17.||Isaiah 42:1-3.|
|4. Luke 3:4.||Isaiah 40:3-5.|
|5. Luke 4:17.||Isaiah 61:1, 2.|
|6. John 1:23.||Isaiah 40:3.|
|7. John 12:38.||Isaiah 53:1.|
|8. Acts 8:28.||Isaiah 53:7, 8.|
|9. Acts 8:30.||Isaiah 53:7, 8.|
|10. Romans 10:16.||Isaiah 53:1.|
|11. Romans 10:20.||Isaiah 65:1, 2.|