NOTES ON II SAMUEL 23:1-5

This Is From The Companion Bible.
II SAMUEL CHAPTER 23:
1 Now these be  the  °last  °words of David.
   David the son of Jesse  °said,
   And the  °man who was  raised up on high,
   The anointed of the  °God of Jacob,
   And the sweet psalmist of Israel,  °said,
2 "The  °Spirit of  °the L
ORD  °spake by me,
   And His  °word was  in my tongue.
3 The  ¹God of  °Israel  °said,
   The Rock of  °Israel  °spake to me,
   'He that ruleth over  °men must be  just,
   Ruling in the fear of  ¹God.
4 °And he shall be  as the light of the morning,
       when  the  °sun riseth,
   Even  a morning without clouds;
   As  the tender grass springing  out of the earth
   By clear shining after rain.'
5 °Although my house be  not so with  °GOD;
   °Yet He hath made with me an everlasting
       covenant,
   Ordered in all things,  and sure:
   °For this is  all my salvation, and all my desire,
   °Although He make  °it  not to grow.

 23:1-7 (T2, page 439).  LAST  WORDS  OF  DAVID.  (Division.) 
T2 W1 1-3-.  The speaker.                                                                  
W2 -3-7.  His words.
   1-3- (W1, above).  THE  SPEAKER.  (Division.)
W1 X1 1.  David's mouth.                                                                    
X2 2, 3-.  Not David's words.
  Chapter 23 follows 24, but is placed here (by the Figure of Speech, Hysterologia) so as to include David's "last words" with his "song" under his "worship", and make the correspondence shown in the Structure.  See page 414.
  
1  last words.  Hence their importance.
  words = discourse, message, oracle, revelation.  Hebrew dabar. Appendix 73. x.
  said.  Hebrew na'am = to speak with assurance and authority.
  man.  Hebrew geber.  Appendix 14. IV.
  God.  Hebrew 'Elohim.  Appendix 4. I.
  God of Jacob: that is to say, the God Who met Jacob when he had nothing and deserved nothing (but wrath), and promised him all = therefore "the God of all grace". Compare Psalm 146:
5 and 1Peter 5:10, referring to the grace which had called David.
  
2  Spirit = ruach.  Appendix 9.
  the L
ORD.  Hebrew Jehovah.  Appendix 4. II.
  spake:  referring to the substance of the Divine revelation.  Hebrew dabar = to utter.  See Appendix 73. x.
  word.  Hebrew millah.  Used of a royal or divine decree (Psalm 19:
14. Daniel 3:22, 28, etc.).
  
3  Israel.  The higher title (not Jacob), because human instrumentality not in question here.
  said.  Here Hebrew 'amar, referring to the matter of the Divine revelation.  See Appendix 73. v.
  spake.  See note on "spake", verse
2.
  men.  Hebrew 'adam.  Appendix 14. I.
  -3-7   (W2, above).  THE  WORDS.  (Introversion.)
W2 n -3-. The ruler.   Ideal.  The Ruler, and his rule.                              
o -3.  The ideal rule.
o 4.  The ideal rule.
n 5-7.  The ruler.  Actual. 
  4  (o, above).  THE  IDEAL  RULE.  (Introversion.)
o p 4-.  The light.  Effect in heavens.    This is the order in Hebrew. 
q -4-.  Its clearness. 
q -4.  Its clearness.
p -4-.  The light.  Effect on earth.
  4  And he shall be.  Translate in present tense, describing such an ideal rule.
  sun.  Compare Psalm 72:
6, 7, 16. Jeremiah 23:5, 6. Malachi 4:2.
  5-7  (n, above).  THE  RULER.  ACTUAL.  (Division.)
n r1 5.  The ruler.
r2 6, 7.  The ruled.                                                                         
  5  (r1, above).  THE  RULER.  (Introversion.)
r1 s 5-.  David's house.
t -5-.  God's covenant with David.                                               
t -5-.  God's covenant with David.
s -5.  David's house.
  5  Although = For (Hebrew ki).
  GOD.  Hebrew El.  Appendix 4. IV.
  Yet = for (Hebrew ki).
  For  (Hebrew ki).  Punctuate and translate:
r1 s For is not my house thus through God?
t For He hath made a covenant . . . sure (2Samuel 7). The Covenant.
t For this (Covenant) is all my .  .  . desire.
s For shall He not cause it to prosper?
  it = that is, my house.
( Doctor Bullinger's companion column continues on to the next verse, but is not shown here in these webpages.)

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