NOTES ON PSALM 72

This Is From The Companion Bible.
PSALMS CHAPTER 72:

A Psalm °for Solomon.

  1 Give °the king thy °judgments, O °God,
     And Thy °righteousness unto the °king's son.
  2 He shall °judge Thy People with
1righteousness,
     And Thy °poor with °judgment.
  3 The mountains shall bring °peace to the people,
     And the little hills, by righteousness.
  4 He shall °judge the
2poor of the People,
     He shall save the °children of the needy,
     And shall break in pieces the oppressor.
  5 They shall fear Thee as long as the sun and moon endure,
     Throughout all generations.
  6 He shall come down °like rain upon the mown grass:
     As showers that  water the earth.
  7 In his days shall °the righteous flourish;
     And abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.
  8 He shall have dominion also °from sea to sea,
     And from °the river unto the ends of the earth.
  9 They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him;
     And his enemies shall °lick the dust.
10 The kings of °Tarshish and of the °isles shall bring presents:
     The kings of °Sheba and Seba shall °offer gifts.
11 Yea, all kings shall fall down before him:
     All nations shall serve him.
12 For he shall deliver °the needy when he crieth;
     The
2poor also, and him  that hath no helper.
13 He shall spare the °poor and
12needy,
     And shall save the °souls of
12the needy.
14 He shall °redeem °their soul from deceit and violence:
     And precious shall their blood be in his sight.
15 And °he shall °live,
     And to him shall be °given of the °gold of Sheba:
     Prayer also shall be made °for him continually:
     And  °daily shall he be praised.
16 There shall be an °handful of corn in the earth upon the top
         of the mountains;
     The fruit thereof shall shake like Lebanon:
     And they  of the city shall flourish like grass of the earth.
17 His name shall endure for ever:
     His name shall be continued as long as the sun:
     °And men  shall be °blessed °in him:
     All nations shall call him °blessed.
18 °Blessed be  °the L
ORD °God, the 1God of Israel,
     Who only doeth wondrous things.
19 And
18blessed be  His glorious °name for ever:
     And let the whole earth be °filled with  His glory;
     Amen, and Amen.

_________________________

EPILOGUE.
20 The prayers of David the son of Jesse °are ended.

 72 (J,  page 759).  ISRAEL'S  REDEMPTION.  THE  ANSWER  TO  PSALMS  69—71.
(Introversion and Extended Alternation.)
J  E 1. Prayer and theme of Psalm.
F G 2-4. Messiah's goodness to the poor.
H 5-10. Other attributes.
I 11. General adoration.                            
F G 12-14. Messiah's goodness to the poor.
H -15-17-. Other attributes.
I -17. General adoration.
E 18-20. Praise and doxology to Book II.

  Title.  for Solomon.  Not of, but concerning.  See Epilogue by David for his son Solomon, and for his "Greater Son", the Messiah.  Written after Solomon's second investiture, 1Chronicles 29:23 (921 B.C.). The year before David's death.
  
1  the king: that is to say, David himself.
  judgments = just decisions (of David regarding Solomon).
  God.  Hebrew Elohim.  Appendix 4. I.
  righteousness: that is to say, in all his (Solomon's) judgments, according to
1Kings 3:5-9. 1Chronicles 29:19, and 28:5, 7.
  king's son = Solomon; but to be yet fulfilled in Christ.
  
2  judge, etc. = rule in righteousness.
  poor = oppressed (plural).  See note Psalm 70:
5.
  judgment = justice.
  
3  peace = prosperity.
  
4  judge = vindicate.          children = sons.
 
  5-10  (H, above);  15-17-  (H, above).  OTHER  ATTRIBUTES.  (Introversion.)
H a 5. Eternity.
b 6, 7. Agricultural prosperity.  (Moon.)
c 8, 9. The world.  Dominion.
d 10. Gifts.
H d -15-. Gifts.                                                         
c -15. His People.  Worship.
b 16. Agricultural prosperity.  (Sun.)
a 17-. Eternity.
  6  like rain = Compare 2Samuel 23:4.
  
7  the righteous.  Some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac Version, and Vulgate, read "righteousness".
  
8  from sea to sea.  From the Mediterranean to the Persian Gulf.
  the river: that is to say, the Euphrates.  Same Figure of speech, as above.
  
9  lick the dust.   Put by Figure of Speech, Metonymy  (of the Adjunct),  Appendix 6, for utter subjugation.
  
10  Tarshish.  On the west.  See note on 1Kings 10:22.
  isles = coastlands, or maritime countries.
  Sheba, etc.  On the east and south.
  offer gifts = bring near their presents.  Appendix 43. II. iii.
  
12  the needy = a helpless one.  Hebrew 'ebyon.  See note on Proverbs 6:11.
  
13  poor = improverished.  Hebrew dal.  See note Proverbs 6:11.
  souls.  Hebrew nephesh.  Appendix 13.
  
14  redeem.  Hebrew ga'al. See notes on Exodus 6:6; 13:13.
  their soul = them, or their life.  Hebrew nephesh.  Appendix 13.
  
15  he shall live.  The accent (rebia) on "he" marks it as emphatic, and as to be distinguished from the plurals of the preceding verses, and renderd "they", as it is in Revised Version.  See the Structure, and note the members "G" and "G", which treat of Messiah's goodness to the poor.  It is in verse 10 ("H d") and in verse 15 ("H d") that we have them, and their gifts to Him.  He, the Head, delivers and saves them; and they, in verse -15, bring to Him a liberal hand, a praying heart, and a praising tongue.
  live = live for ever.  See note on Leviticus 18:
5.
  given, etc.  Solomon the type (
1Kings 10:2, 10; 2Chronicles 9:1).  Fulfilment in Christ the Antitype.
  gold.  Figure of Speech, Synecdoche  (of Species),  Appendix 6, "gold" being put for precious gifts. Compare Isiah 60:
6.
  for = to.
  daily = all the day.
  
16  handful = abundance.
  corn = fine corn.
  
17  And men shall be blessed in him:  All nations shall call him blessed = Yea, all nations shall be blessed in him—shall call him happy.  "Blessed" is not the same word as in the preceding line.  Hebrew 'ashar, cognate with 'ashrey.  See Appendix 63. VI.
  in him.  Thus confirming the promise to Abraham.  See Genesis 12:
3; 18:18; 22:18; 26:4; 28:14.
  
18  Blessed, etc.  This doxology closes the second book of the Psalms.  Hebrew barak, not 'asher.
  the L
ORD.  Hebrew Jehovah.  Appendix 4. II.
  God.  Some codices omit "Elohim" here, with Septuagint, Syriac Version, and Vulgate.
  
19  name = self.  See note on 20:1.
  filled, etc.  Compare Numbers 14:
21.
  
20  are ended = are accomplished.  When this Psalm is realised, all prophecy concerning Israel will be fulfilled: according to Daniel 9:24, and see 2Samuel 23:1, where compare the title, "son of Jesse".
   ( Doctor Bullinger's companion column continues on to the next chapter, but is not shown here in these webpages.)

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