NOTES ON GENESIS 15:9-18

This Is From The Companion Bible.
GENESIS CHAPTER 15:
   9  And He said unto him,  °"Take Me an  °heifer of  three years old,
and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a
turtledove, and a young pigeon."
 10  And he took unto him all  °these, and  °divided
them in the  °midst,
and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.
 11  And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove
them away.
 12  And when  the sun  was going  down,  a  deep  sleep  fell  upon
°Abram; and,  °lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.
 13  And He said unto Abram,  °"Know of a surety that  °thy seed
shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, (°and shall serve them;
and they shall afflict
them) four hundred years;
 14  And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will
I  °judge: and
afterward shall they come out with great substance.
 15  And
thou shalt  °go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried
in a good old age.
 16  But in the  °fourth generation they shall come hither again: for
the  °iniquity of the Amorites is  °not yet full."
 17  And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was
dark,  °behold a smoking  °furnace, and a burning  °lamp that passed
between those pieces.
 18  In the same day  °the L
ORD made a covenant with Abram, saying,
"Unto thy seed  °have I given  °this land, from the river of Egypt unto
the great river, the river Euphrates:

  9  Take me = take for me: that is to say, an offering for me.
  heifer.  See Appendix 15.
 
10  these.  Five, the Number of Grace, because Covenant was unconditional.  See Appendix 10.
  divided.  So Covenants were made (Jeremiah 34:
18-20).
  midst, that is to say, in half.
  
12  Abram.  Put to sleep so that he should have no part in it, and that the Covenant should be unconditional, in which "God was the one" and only contracting party (Galatians 3:20).  Compare verse 17. Contrast "both", chapter 21:27.
  lo.  Figure of Speech, Asterismos.  See Appendix 6.
  
13  Know of a surety.  Hebrew knowing thou shalt know.  Figure of Speech, Polyptoton.  See Appendix 6, and note on 26:28.
  thy seed, that is to say, Isaac.  See note on 21:
12. The 400 years date from Isaac's birth (Acts 7:6).  The 430 from the "promise" or Covenant here made (compare Galatians 3:17), and include the whole "sojourning" (Exodus 12:40).
  and shall serve, etc.  Figure of Speech, Epitrechon.  See Appendix 6.
This is shown by the Structure (Introversion).
a Thy seed shall be a stranger, etc.
b and shall serve them
b and they shall afflict them
a four hundred years.
In a and a we have the whole sojourning and duration.
In b and b the servitude in Egypt (215 years).
  
14  judge.  Put by Metonymy (of Cause), Appendix 6, for punish.
  
15  go to thy fathers = die and be buried.  Abram's fathers were idolaters. Joshua 24:2.  Figure of Speech, Euphemism (Appendix 6).
  
16  fourth = Levi, Kohath, Amram, Moses; (or Levi), Jochebed (born in Egypt).
  iniquity.  Hebrew 'avon.  See Appendix 44. iii.
  not yet.  Another mark of the corruption of the Canaanite nations through the Nephilim and Rephaim.
  
17  behold.  Figure of Speech, Asterismos.  See Appendix 6.
  furnace.  Symbolic of the affliction of Israel (Deuteronomy 4:
20. 1Kings 8:51. Isaiah 31:9. Ezekiel 22:18-22. Jeremiah 11:4).
  lamp.  Symbolic of Israel's deliverance (
1Kings 11:36; 15:4. Isaiah 62:1. 2Samuel 21:17).
  
18  the LORD.  Not Abram (Galatians 3:17).  See note on verse 12.
  have.  Before this it was "I will".  From now it is "I have".
  this land.  Never yet possessed with these boundaries.

   ( Doctor Bullinger's companion column continues on to the next verse, but is not shown here in these webpages.)

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